Here are three elements we often see in town names:

If a town ends in “-by”, it was originally a farmstead or a small village where some of the Viking invaders settled. The first part of the name sometimes referred to the person who owned the farm - Grimsby was “Grim’s village”. Derby was “a village where deer were found”. The word “by” still means “town” in Danish.

If a town ends in “-ing”, it tells us about the people who lived there. Reading means “The people of Reada”, in other words “Reada’s family or tribe”. We don’t know who Reada was, but his name means “red one”, so he probably had red hair.

If a town ends in “-caster” or “-chester”, it was originally a Roman fort or town. The word comes from a Latin words “castra”, meaning a camp or fortification. The first part of the name is usually the name of the locality where the fort was built. So Lancaster, for example, is “the Roman fort on the River Lune”.

A Little Book of Language by David Crystal, page 173. (via linguaphilioist)  
reblogged 1 day ago on 22 April 2014 WITH 81,537 notes »reblog
via heyxxmickey // originally scottish-badger

modmad:

weasley-detectives:

scottish-badger:

OK SO EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT GLASGOW YOU WILL KNOW FROM THIS STATUE

THIS MY FRIENDS IS THE DUKE OF WELLINGTON STATUE IN ROYAL EXCHANGE SQUARE IN GLASGOW AND YES HE HAS A TRAFFIC CONE ON HIS HEAD

NOW LET ME TELL YOU I HAVE LIVED IN GLASGOW FOR 18 AND A HALF YEARS AND NOT ONCE HAVE I SEEN THIS MAN WITHOUT A CONE ON HIS HEAD

IT HAS BEEN REMOVED SO MANY TIMES BY THE COUNCIL BUT SOMEHOW IT ALWAYS SEEMS TO GET BACK UP THERE AND ITS NOT A SMALL STATUE ITS PRETTY FUCKING BIG SO WHOEVER KEEPS ON PUTTING UP THERE IS A DETERMINED WEE FUCKER

IT HAS BECOME A NATIONAL SYMBOL FOR GLASGOW CAUSE ITS JUST THE EPITOME OF GLASWEGIAN HUMOUR AND THEY EVEN PAINTED THE CONE FUCKING GOLD FOR THE OLYMPICS

AND A FEW MONTHS AGO THE COUNCIL SAID THEY WERE GOING TO RAISE UP THE STATUE SO PEOPLE COULDNT PUT THE CONE ON AND LET ME TELL YOU IT WAS FUCKING PANDAEMONIUM ABOUT GLASGOW IT WAS AS IF WORLD WAR THREE HAD BROKEN OUT THERE WERE FACEBOOK PAGES AND PROTESTS AND PETITIONS AND ALL SORTS TO KEEP THE CONE ON

SO LONG AND SHORT OF IT IS THAT THIS STUPID STATUE AND ITS STUPID CONE IS ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT SCOTS IN PARTICULAR GLASWEGIANS CAUSE WE CANT DECIDE WHETHER WE WANT TO RULE OUR OWN COUNTRY OR NOT BUT IF YOU FUCKING DARE TRY TO TAKE THE CONE OFF THE DUKE OF WELLINGTONS HEAD THERE WILL BE A NATION WIDE OUTRAGE AND GLASGOWS OWN VERSION OF LES MIS WILL HAPPEN I AINT FUCKING KIDDIN

I once saw it without the cone on its head. It was very distressing.

Glasgow is a land of proud and noble people

reblogged 1 day ago on 22 April 2014 WITH 1,649 notes »reblog
via capillaries // originally samanthasgroves
I could confess to a murder, you can’t say a word. I could have murdered someone this morning and you can’t say a word. But, if i’m planning to commit a murder…

iwillincendiotheheartoutofyou:

I really love villains

not in a ‘poor baby is so misunderstood’ way

in a ‘your amorality is so fascinating and delicious’ way

reblogged 1 day ago on 21 April 2014 WITH 116 notes »reblog
via fuckyeahromehbo // originally jorrah

jorrah:

  • Rome Meme → 1. One Leader [1/1]: Gaius Julius Caesar

"It’s only hubris if I fail."

reblogged 1 day ago on 21 April 2014 WITH 39 notes »reblog
via bloodcookie // originally bloodcookie
reblogged 1 day ago on 21 April 2014 WITH 15,914 notes »reblog
via innervenom // originally aquazubats
reblogged 1 day ago on 21 April 2014 WITH 333 notes »reblog
via pcapitated // originally gatissed

Pillow talk à la Hannibloom: subject of conversation > dead people + Will Graham :D

reblogged 2 days ago on 21 April 2014 WITH 338 notes »reblog
via hoenn // originally romanitas

As incandescent as was her personality, Cleopatra was every bit Caesar’s equal as a coolheaded, clear-eyed pragmatist, though what passed on his part as strategy would be remembered on hers as manipulation.

Cleopatra: A Life, by Stacy Schiff 

This line encompasses so much about the historiography of Cleopatra – and not only Cleopatra, but countless women throughout history who’ve done the same thing/s as the men around them and had it painted negatively.  Cleopatra and Caesar largely met as equals in terms of social standing, and despite the three-decade age difference, it is consistently Cleopatra blamed for seduction against poor helpless Caesar.  She saw in Caesar a means to secure her throne, and she took it, in so many more ways than just her sexuality – she offered him soldiers, money, etc, in return for his support against those who would depose and kill her (you know, her family).  It was Caesar who lingered for months in Egypt after the civil war was over, Caesar who had far less to lose; Egypt remained a location important in Roman affairs, and having an ally on the throne as opposed to someone hostile was super important, especially given the number of resources (without Egyptian grain, Rome could literally starve).  Theirs was a largely mutual beneficial relationship at the time, regardless of the level of intimacy that would develop.  Both parties brought something to the table.

And that’s literally only the start of her story as queen in her own right, the strategies she wove, the people she worked with, before she even hit the age of twenty-two. (via romanitas)  
reblogged 2 days ago on 21 April 2014 WITH 49 notes »reblog
via bronbroenbridge // originally purplu